Persons with disabilities, from young to old, are systematically excluded from education at all levels, including early childhood education, primary education, secondary education, tertiary education, vocational training and education, adult learning.
Even when persons with disabilities can access education, they are more likely to be excluded from general education systems and placed in special education systems.
Data from around the world shows that many children with disabilities are not enrolled in schools. Many children with disabilities who are enrolled in schools do not complete either primary or secondary education. Also, children with disabilities are more likely to learn much less than their same age peers in school.
Persons with disabilities face many barriers to accessing and completing education, including:
Historically, education for children with disabilities is designed to normalise them, because the society values "normality" and "conformity", and views disability as a deficit that needs to be "normalised".
Thus, all resources in educating children with disabilities are aimed at teaching and "training" them to learn, behave and interact with others in similar ways as people without disabilities.
Therefore, it is not surprising that children with disabilities struggle to cope in an education system which is not designed for them in the first place. Ironically, persons with disabilities are the ones being punished for the failure of the education system to accommodate their differences and needs.
Education systems around the world need a total transformation so that the right to education for all persons with disabilities is realised. The transformation needs to be guided by a strong focus on eliminating ableism and discriminatory practices in education in all aspects, i.e.:
*Note: Resources linked are in English and pdf or webpage format, unless stated otherwise.
Article 24 - Education in UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Sustainable Development Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Right to Education of Persons with Disabilities by Right to Education Initiative
Eliminating Ableism in Education by Thomas Hehir
What's So "Special"? Disability Segregation in Education by Catia Malaquias, Starting With Julius
Disabled children still face exclusion in PE – here’s what needs to change by Tom Gibbons & Kevin Dixon
Thematic study on the right of persons with disabilities to education, report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Disability Gaps in Educational Attainment and Literacy, The Price of Exclusion: Disability and Education Notes Series by Chata Male & Quentin Wodon